LNG Taurus Photo: Vesseltracker.com
In honor of Halloween, here is a troubling account of a modern-day haunted ship. The LNG Taurus was one of a series of ten Moss-Rosenberg type 125,000 cubic meter Liquefied Natural Gas ships (LNG) ships built by General Dynamics in Quincy Massachusetts in the late 1970s. The story takes a while to tell, so please bear with me.
As a liquid, natural gas is 600 times more dense than as a gas, which is why it is economical to carry by ship. The challenge is that natural gas can only be liquefied by refrigeration which means that LNG ship are essentially giant thermos bottles carrying gas liquefied at approximately −162 °C (−260 °F). Some claim that because of the potential volatility and energy contained in the cargo, that LNG ships could be floating bombs, capable of doing significant damage to port cities if the hulls were breached. So far, in a half century of LNG ship operations, these fears have proven unwarranted.
There have been close calls. When I heard that Robin Williams took his life in August, I was reminded of the suicide of the captain of an LNG ship which ran hard aground in a storm at the entrance of a Japanese port, many years ago. When it must have seemed that his ship would break up, spilling its dangerous cargo with unknown but dire consequences, the captain stepped into his cabin and committed suicide with the ship’s revolver.
Baluchi in his bubble
As we posted earlier this month, Reza Baluchi, an extreme runner, attempted to run the almost 1,000 miles from Florida to Bermuda in a sort of bubble — an inflatable cylinder with a metal frame, that looked sort of like a clear hamster wheel. Not surprisingly, he made it about 70 miles before he needed rescue by the US Coast Guard. The rescue cost taxpayers roughly $144,000. Incredibly, it now appears that Baluchi is going to attempt the same lame stunt again. From his website:
Reza plans to save money, design a 4th generation bubble and return to Miami to bubble across the Bermuda triangle again in January. His 4th generation bubble will be his best design yet. He’s going to make it faster with 4″ deep fins that will propel through the water quicker, especially with the 28 soccer balls he will stick between the frames that wrap around the circumference of the bubble.
Downrigging is one of those necessary chores on a sailing vessel at the end of a season before the winter sets in. The good folks at the Sultana Education Foundation have turned the necessary and often bittersweet chore of downrigging the replica schooner Sultana into a festival celebrating tall ships and wooden boats. Starting Friday, October 31 and running through Sunday November, 2 in Chestertown, MD, the “Downrigging Weekend” will feature tall ships, art, music and food in one of America’s best preserved historic seaports. The tall ships Kalmar Nyckel, Lady Maryland, Pride of Baltimore II and A.J. Meerwald will be joining the schooner Sultana for dockside tours and, weather and space permitting, public sails.
Captain Ron Strathman has cruised the Sea of Cortez for the last 6 years in his 1977 wooden schooner Gold Eagle. Last month, Hurricane Odile slammed into Mexico’s Baja peninsula with reported winds reaching 100 knots. At least five died in the storm and dozens of boats were sunk. One of them was Strathman’s Gold Eagle. He is now attempting to raise money to salvage and restore the schooner. Click here to learn more and to help a sailor who could use a hand.
Next season, the SS Badger may no longer be the “the filthiest ship on the Great Lakes.” With the end of the current sailing season, SS Badger will no longer dump coal ash into Lake Michigan. For years, there has been a running argument over whether the ship is a national historic treasure or an environmental hazard. The SS Badger, a passenger and vehicle ferry operating on Lake Michigan, is the last large coal burning vessel in the United States. Until recently, the Badger has been dumping around 500 tons of coal ash each year into into Lake Michigan. The ash is toxic, containing containing mercury, arsenic, and lead. Two years ago, the owners of the ship entered into a consent decree with the EPA to reduce the amount of ash being dumped and to end the dumping entirely by the beginning of the 2015 sailing season.
If you are in the neighborhood, this is a most worthwhile event. There is also exiting news. At the fundraiser, the Lilac Preservation Project will announce the launching of a campaign to restore steam to the Lilac, a 1933 lighthouse tender that once carried supplies to lighthouses and maintained buoys for the U.S. Lighthouse Service and the U.S. Coast Guard. Decommissioned in 1972, USCGC LILAC is now a museum ship owned by the non-profit Lilac Preservation Project. The project will restore her boilers and overhaul the original machinery to put her back in operation. From their press release:
On Wednesday, November 12, Lilac Preservation Project will host its first fundraiser at Cercle Rouge Restaurant in Tribeca. Continue reading
And now for something completely different — what happens when you crack an egg underwater? I will admit this hasn’t been a question that has been keeping me awake at nights, but it is interesting, nevertheless. Here is what happens when you crack open an egg when 60′ below the surface. The video was produced by the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences (BIOS) to demonstrate the effects of pressure under water.
What Happens When You Crack An Egg Underwater?
The Russians and the Chinese each have only one aircraft carrier in service. They happen to be sister ships and both have major problems in staying afloat and keeping the propellers turning. Both ships were built in the Black Sea Shipyard in Mykolaiv, Ukraine.
Russia’s only operational aircraft carrier, Admiral Kuznetsov, dating back to the Soviet Union, was ordered in 1981 and went into full service in 1995. The ship has had significant operating problems. There were reports that in 2011 that the U.S. Navy’s Sixth Fleet kept close by in case the Admiral Kuznetsov happened to sink. The carrier made it back to her home port and has recently undergone a refit.
China also has one aircraft carrier, Liaoning, which is also beset with problems. The Chinese purchased the unfinished ex-Soviet carrier, Varyag, in 1989. The Liaoning happens to be a sister vessel to Admiral Kuznetsov, though was never delivered due to the collapse of the Soviet union. The Liaoning was commissioned two years ago but is still undergoing sea trials and reportedly has suffered significant mechanical failures. Even the China daily is admitting that “more time is needed to hone [Liaoning's] combat readiness.”
Admiral Kuznetsov and Liaoning are each roughly half the size of a US Navy Nimitz class aircraft carrier, of which the US has ten. According to globalsecurity.org, the US Navy has over twice as many aircraft carriers as the rest of the world combined, measured both by the number of ships and aircraft deck space.
Easter Island, called Rapa Nui by its inhabitants, famous for its massive stone statues, is one of the most remote inhabited islands in the world. It is almost 2,000 nautical miles from the coast of South America and over 1,000 nautical miles to Pitcairn, the closest inhabited island.
Despite the distance, recent DNA analysis suggests that sailors were traveling back and forth between Rapa Nui and South America several hundred years before the the island was first visited by Europeans. In this week’s issue of Current Biology, researchers argue that the DNA points to contact between Native Americans and Easter Islanders between 1300 C.E. and 1500 C.E, three centuries after Polynesians settled the island and at least two centuries before Europeans first landed on the island in 1722. “We found evidence of gene flow between this population and Native American populations, suggesting an ancient ocean migration route between Polynesia and the Americas,” said geneticist Anna-Sapfo Malaspinas of the Center for GeoGenetics at the University of Copenhagen, who led the study.
But did the South Americans sail to Rapai Nui or did the Polynesians sail to South America? Opinions vary. As reported in Science:
Ceres as seen by Hubble Space Telescope
In September, we posted about a recent study that concluded that up to half the water on our planet is older than the sun. Scientists now speculate that the existence of water may be far more common in the universe than previously thought. Some of that water may be fairly close to home, at least in astronomical terms. The dwarf planet Ceres, the largest object in the asteroid belt, which lies between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter, may contain more water than our planet Earth.
This dwarf planet may contain more freshwater than Earth
Swedish Corvette Visby, one of the ships searching for the mystery sub
Last Friday, there were reports of unexplained underwater movements near the Stockholm archipelago. There were also reports of an encrypted distress call of the sort used by the Russian Navy, leading to speculation that a Russian submarine was stranded underwater. Russian officials have emphatically denied that, if there is a submarine, that it is theirs, and instead suggested that it could be a Dutch submarine, which participated in an exercise with the Swedish navy last week. The Dutch responded by saying that their sub left the area well prior to the sightings. Yesterday, Sverker Göransson, Sweden’s top military commander, told reporters. “This is very serious, I would even go so far as to say, that it’s fucked up.” (The Swedish phrase used was “Det är för jävligt.” If anyone has a better translation than “that’s fucked up,” we be happy to hear it.)
On Trafalgar Day, the anniversary of Admiral Horatio Nelson‘s victory and death at the Battle of Trafalgar, a ballad describing the battle, “On board a Man o’ War,” sung by Ian Page. Feel free to grab a mug of porter, or coffee or tea, and to sing along.
Song: “On board a Man o’ War” – Nelson’s Victory & Death at the Battle of Trafalgar, 1805
Updates on two stories from the weekend:
Carnival Magic Back in Galveston — (See our previous post.) After being refused entry into both Belize and Mexico, the Carnival Magic is back in its home port of Galveston. One passenger aboard the ship was a nurse who had handled lab specimens from Thomas Eric Duncan, who died of Ebola on October 8, at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital in Dallas. Despite claims by media in Belize that the passenger had symptoms of Ebola, the nurse who quarantined herself in her stateroom, never had any symptoms and has since passed a blood test which showed no signs of Ebola. As reported by the Washington Post: The Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital employee and a partner boarded the ship Oct. 12 in Galveston before the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention updated the requirement for active monitoring, the U.S. State Department said in a statement. Although the worker is healthy, the U.S. government had said it was working with the cruise line to get the ship back to America “out of an abundance of caution.” The hospital published full page ads in two Texas newspapers in which Barclay Berdan, hospital CEO apologized for the numerous mistakes made in handling the first person to be diagnosed with Ebola in the United States.
Russian Ship Simushir Towed to Prince Rupert – Continue reading
There are reports of a “small fire” aboard the 19th-century composite clipper ship, Cutty Sark, in Greenwich, UK. Firefighters managed to contain the blaze which is said to have damaged a small part of deck three and associated timbers. The Cutty Sark Crew, who runs the ship, said on Twitter: “London Fire Brigade dealt with a small fire on the ship this morning. Brought under control very quickly. The ship will open at 10.30am today.” The fire was reported at 7:30 AM and four engines with 21 firefighters responded.
In 2007, the Cutty Sark was almost destroyed when a fire burned close to 50% of the ship. She has since been restored and reopened to the public on 25 April 2012. One of the fastest ships of its day, the Cutty Sark was launched in 1869. She is one of only two surviving composite clipper ships. Thanks to Alaric Bond for passing along the news.
Last Friday, at Newcastle, the world’s largest coal handling facility, it was a contest of canoes against the colliers. Calling themselves Pacific Climate Warriors, a group of protesters from a dozen Pacific island nations took to traditional outrigger canoes, kayaks and other vessels for a one day blockade of the Australian coal port.
The Pacific Climate Warriors traveled from the Marshall Islands, Fiji, Vanuatu, Tokelau, the Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea and other island nations to draw attention to the effects of climate change on their island nations, and to protest Australia’s continuing commitment to coal.
Pacific Islanders blockade Newcastle coal port to protest rising sea levels
Photo: Maritime Forces Pacific/Facebook
Late Thursday night, the 9,405 DWT Russian general cargo ship Simushir lost power while in a gale off Haida Gwaii, also known as the Queen Charlotte Islands, on the coast of British Columbia, Canada. By Friday morning, the ship was drifting in heavy weather roughly 25 kilometres off Moresby Island’s Tasu Sound, according to the Canadian Forces’ Joint Rescue Co-ordination Centre in Victoria. The ship was in danger of foundering, with 400 tons of bunker oil and 50 tons of diesel oil aboard.
Three vessels were dispatched to the stricken ship. The CCGS Gordon Reid, an Offshore Patrol Vessel based in Victoria, British Columbia, was the first to arrive and succeeded in taking the Simushir under tow, despite difficult weather conditions. The Coast Guard vessel is reported to be towing the cargo ship away from the islands at 1.5 knots. The tug Barbara Foss and the Canadian Coast Guard light icebreaker CCGS Sir Wilfrid Laurier are expected to arrive today to assist CCGS Gordon Reid.
Simushir, fuel-laden Russian cargo ship, towed from coast of Haida Gwaii
PortSide NewYork is hosting a Fundraiser — Resiliency is our Hook, on October 28, 2014. There will be smoky BBQ and sizzling Dixieland Jazz by the Red Hook Ramblers. Good food, good music and good times for a good cause.
PortSide NewYork, the organization behind the historic tanker Mary A. Whalen, is nothing if not resilient. The harbor-based educational non-profit has weathered many storms, both figuratively and literally. In Superstorm Sandy, the organization suffered around $300,000 worth of damage. Nevertheless, PortSide Director Carolina Salguero and her team set up a post-hurricane recovery center ashore to help the equally hard-hit residents of the Red Hook section of Brooklyn. The organization was subsequently rewarded a White House Champions of Change award in recognition for the wonderful work they did in Red Hook during those terrible days following Sandy.
Information about the fundraiser from the PortSide press release:
Ebola hysteria continues to spiral out of control. A nurse, who may have handled lab specimens from an Ebola patient at Texas Presbyterian Hospital in Dallas, is now being quarantined in her stateroom on the cruise ship, Carnival Magic. The ship, in turn, has been refused entry into Belize. The government of Belize also denied a request to evacuate the nurse through the airport in Belize City. The shares of both Carnival and Royal Caribbean dropped 5% on the news.
In December, Antione Vanner’s “Britannia’s X,” the third of his Dawlish chronicles will be published by Old Salt Press. No, the book’s title will not be “Britannia’s X.” From Antoine’s Dawlish Chronicles blog:
The title, for now, is “Britannia’s X” – with “X” being undisclosed for now. I’m therefore offering signed copies of the novel to the first three successful guesses as to what “X” stands for. The first two books in the series have been Britannia’s Wolf and Britannia’s Reach, so what could the “X” possibly be?
The only clues I’m offering are (a) that the action covers the period April – September1881, (b) that the adventure (and nightmare!) starts in the Northern Adriatic but shifts continents thereafter and (c) that Nicholas Dawlish’s intrepid wife, Florence, plays a key role.
Go to Antione’s blog to learn more: Competition Announcement: 3rd Dawlish Chronicles Novel launching soon.
A diver wearing a robotic Exosuit near Antikythera. (EPA/Greek Ministry of Culture)
The quote by Brendan Foley of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution was pure marketing genius. He said that the Antikythera wreck is “the Titanic of the ancient world.” The Titanic is, after all, the rock star of ship wrecks. No doubt what Foley meant was that the Antikythera wreck was very important historically not unlike the Titanic. Of course, that is not what the media has interpreted the quote to mean.
UPI is referring to the wrecked ship as a “sort of luxury ocean liner.” The Guardian called it ” a luxury liner dating from before the Roman empire.” Because the site is also the source of the Antikythera mechanism, an astronomic calculator of mind-boggling complexity, often referred to as the “world’s oldest computer,” one news source is referring to the wreck as the “Computerized Titanic,” which conjures up a whole new set of images.